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Anthropology Flashcards Essay Examples

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Intro to Anthropology Midterm study guide

Anthropology The exploration of human diversity in time and space. The 4 subdisciplines of general anthropology cultural, archeaological, biological, linguistic Archaeology The study of past cultures & interpretation of material culture Applied Anthropology Applying anthropological knowledge to solving practical, real-world problems Biological & Physical Anthropology The study of humans as biological organisms Cultural Anthropology The…

sociology quiz 1

sociological imagination As defined by C. Wright Mills, which of the following “enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society”? xenophobia Feeling discomfort about rural chinese society, where many generations of a family sleep in the same bed, is known as: to explain the sociological imagination how does…

Four fields of anthropology

Biological Focuses on evolution, genetics, and primatology. Ex. forensic anthropology. Cultural Takes a comparative approach to observing different societies. Focuses on connections and patterns. Ex. Educators, mediators (medicine, environment) Linguistic Verbal and non-verbal communication. Looks at structures of languages and social discourse. Ex. language preservation Archaeology Focuses on material remains. Focuses on particular time period…

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Anthropology Ch1-3 Cont’d

Infrastructure can be best described as a society’s subsistence system. The rule-governed relationships that hold a society together, with all their rights, duties, and obligations, are known as its social structure. Which of the following is not an element associated with the barrel model of culture? Interstructure As represented by the barrel model of culture,…

Anthropolgy: Chapter One

anthropology The study of human nature, human society, and the human past. holism A characteristic of the anthropological perspective that describes, at the highest and most inclusive level, how anthropology tries to integrate all that is known about human beings and their activities. comparison A characteristic of the anthropological perspective that requires anthropologists to consider…

Cultural Anthropology – Exam 1

4 subfields of anthropology 1. cultural 2. archaeology 3. physical 4. linguistics Cultural antropology The study of all aspects of living human behavior. Archeology The scientific study of the material remains of past cultures. Physical anthropology The study of the biological aspects of humans. Linguistics The study of language origins and acquisition. Holistic view A…

Anthropology Terms

Adaptation processes by which organisms cope with environmental forces and stresses, such as those posed by climate Anthropology the study of the human species and its immediate ancestors Applied Anthropology the application of anthropoligical data, perspectives, theory, and methods to identity, assess, and solve contemporary social problems Archaelogical Anthropology reconstructs, describes, and interprets human behavior…

Anthropology Final

What is anthropology? The exploration of human diversity across time and space The main goal of cultural anthroplogy is to… Understand why people behave and think the way they do What are the four subfields of American anthropology? -Biological anthroplogy -Linguistic anthropology -Cultural anthropology -Archaeology Anthropologists who use anthropological data, perspectives, theory and methods to…

anth101

culture “Culture is a system of knowledge, beliefs, patterns of behavior, artifacts, and institutions that are created, learned, and shared by a group of people angency free will, out cultures tell us how we should behave but we still have a choice elements of culture 1. highly symbolic 2. all emcompassing 3. norms 4. values…

Five Fields of Anthropology

Linguistic Anthropology Historical and descriptive- ethnolinguistics is the language of indigenous groups. Sociolinguistics is the language of different groups within society Physical or Biological Anthropology Reconstructing evolution. Has to do with the physical environment; natural medicine and adaptation. How culture effects biological capacities and limitation. Archeaology Studying cultural paths through excavation. Cultural Anthropology Sets anthropology…

Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age Chapter 1

Anthropology the study of the full scope of human diversity, past and present, and the application of that knowledge to help people of different backgrounds better understand one another. Ethnocentrism The belief that one’s own culture or way of life is normal and natural; using one’s own culture to evaluate and judge the practices and…

Anthropology 201 Exam 3

the economy production -> circulation/distribution -> consumption total social act the exchange of goods and services which involve an emotional aspect moral economy an exchange of goods and services that involves an emotional, moral, and social aspect three forms of distribution market principle, redistribution, reciprocity market principle occurs when the exchange rate and organizations are…

Chapter One Religions 110B

Literally, the word religion means Connect again. A common element often found in religions is feelings of wonder the prophetic orientation in religion emphasizes beliefs and moral codes The early anthropologist who saw religions rooted in the belief in spirits and the worship of them was James Frazer Sigmund Freud, when analyzing the origin of…

ANTH Test 1: General Anthropology

Based on the article by Benjamin Freed from discussion two, which of the following are true a. Evolution and Intelligent Design are two equally valid scientific theories b. a theory is a set of hunches c. different knowledge systems (such as science or religion) seek to answer different types of questions d. both A and…

Anthropology

Naïve realism the belief that people everywhere see the world in the same way. key informant a teacher who has a special kind of student: professional anthropologist. Almost any individual who has acquired a collection of cultural behavior. Culture the learned and shared knowledge that people use to generate behavior and interpret experience Explicit Culture…

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